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2007英语科考试说明(完整版)

  发表日期:2007年1月22日          【编辑录入:gdlin

2007年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试

广东省英语科考试说明

 

I.命题指导思想

 

考试命题要遵循选拔性考试的规律与要求,贯彻普通高中新课程的理念,反映本学科新课程标准的整体要求,考查考生初步的科学与人文素养,注重能力与素质考查,促进素质教育的实施。

以教育部考试中心颁布的考试大纲为依据,考查考生对英语语言基础知识的掌握和理解程度,注重考查考生综合运用英语语言知识的能力。

命题不以任何一种版本的英语教材为依据。

 

II.考试范围与内容

 

        根据普通高等学校对新生文化素质的要求,依据中华人民共和国教育部2003年颁布的《普通高中课程方案(实验)》和《普通高中英语课程标准(实验)》,确定本学科考试内容。

1.语言知识

要求考生掌握并能运用英语语音、词汇、语法基础知识以及所学功能意念和话题(见附录2-6),要求词汇量为3500左右。

 

2.语言运用

2.1 听力

    要求考生能听懂所熟悉话题的简短独白和对话。考生应能:

   (1) 理解主旨和要义;

   (2) 获取具体的、事实性信息;

   (3) 对所听内容作出推断;

   (4) 理解说话者的意图、观点和态度。

 

2.2 阅读

     要求考生能读懂书、报、杂志中关于一般性话题的简短文段以及公告、说明、广告等,并能从中获取相关信息。考生应能:

(1) 理解主旨和要义;

(2) 理解文中具体信息;

(3) 根据上下文推断生词的词义;

(4) 作出判断和推理;

(5) 理解文章的基本结构;

(6) 理解作者的意图、观点和态度。

 

2.3 写作

要求考生根据题示进行书面表达。考生应能:

   (1) 清楚、连贯地传递信息、表达意思;

   (2) 有效运用所学语言知识。

 

2.4 口语(只对参加口语考试的考生作要求)

要求考生根据题示进行口头表达。考生应能:

(1)   询问或传递事实性信息,表达意思和想法;

(2)   做到语音、语调自然;

(3)   做到语言运用得体;

(4)      使用有效的交际策略。

 

III.考试形式

 

1.     考查方式:闭卷,笔试、口试。

2.     笔试考试时间:120分钟。试卷满分为150分。

口试考试时间:30分钟。口试采用计算机辅助口语考试,试卷满分50分,分为ABCDE五个等级。

3.  全体考生须参加笔试;考生可选择参加口试。

 

IV.试卷结构和题型

 

笔试部分共四大题, 62小题。其中客观题90分,占60%;主观题60分,占40%。笔试内容、题量、计分和时间安排如下:

题序

题型

题量

赋分

时间(分钟)

I

 

第一节:听力理解

15

30

30

第二节:听取信息

5

5

  II

语言知识及应用

第一节:完形填空

10

20

15

第二节:语法填空

10

15

10

III

 

第一节:阅读理解

15

30

20

第二节:信息匹配

5

10

5

IV

 

第一节:基础写作

1

15

10

第二节:读写任务

1

25

30

  

62

150

120

 

计算机辅助口语考试部分内容、题量、计分和时间安排如下:

题序

题型

题量

赋分

时间

A

模仿朗读

1

10

 

30分钟

B

角色扮演

1

18

C

口头作文

1

22

  

3

50

30分钟

 

外语口语成绩实行等级制,以ABCDE五个等级呈现。考生考试成绩获得卷面分值85%以上的为A,获得卷面分值75-84%的为B,获得卷面分值60-74%的为C,获得卷面分值45-59%的为D,获得卷面分值44%以下的为E级。

 

V.试题难易比例

 

试卷包括容易题、中等题和难题,以中等题为主。

 

VI.题型示例

 

I 听力(共两节,满分35分)

第一节 听力理解 (5段共15小题;每小题2分,满分30)

    每段播放两遍。各段后有几个小题,各段播放前每小题有5秒钟的阅题时间。请根据各段播放内容及其相关小题,在5秒钟内从题中所给的ABC项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑

 

听下面一段对话,回答第13三个小题。

1. What are they talking about?

A. Their class.

B. Their grades.

C. Johnny’s grades.

[答案] C

 

2. What subjects is Johnny good at?

A. Biology and math.

B. Math and English.

C. English and biology.

[答案] A

 

3. What will Johnny’s father do according to the woman?

A. He will be worried.

B. He will understand.

C. He will get very angry.

[答案] B

 

听下面一段对话,回答第46三个小题。

 

4. When did Lisa start her first job?

A. In 1970.

B. About 40 years ago.

C. When she was about 20.

[答案] B

 

5. What were the typewriters like when Lisa started her first job?

A. Old, heavy and noisy.

B. Small, light but noisy.

C. Heavy, strong and noisy.

[答案] A

 

6. How was the new typewriter run in the university office?

A. It was driven by a belt.

B. It was operated by hand.

C. It was powered by electricity.

[答案] C

 

听下面一段独白,回答第79三个小题。

 

7. What is the flight number?

A. 600.

B. 303.

C. 179.

[答案] C

 

8. Where is the airplane leaving for?

A. Britain.

B. New York.

C. Irish coast.

[答案] B

 

9. How long will the journey take?

A. About five and a half hours.

B. About nine and a half hours.

C. About three and a half hours.

[答案] A

 

听下面一段独白,回答第1012三个小题。

 

10. What did the speaker with other people do there in the apple season?

A. Packing and selling apples.

B. Picking and packing apples.

C. Finding and picking apples.

[答案] B

 

11. How did the speaker feel about her visit to the country?

A. It was tiring.

B. It was boring.

C. It was great fun.

[答案] C

 

12. Which of the following does the speaker prefer?

A. Living in the city.

B. Living in the country.

C. Living with her grandmother.

[答案] A

 

听下面一段对话,回答第1315三个小题。

 

13. What is the first thing Bob might do in learning a new word?

A. Understand its example sentences.

B. Look it up in a dictionary.

C. Read its neighbouring sentences.

[答案] C

 

14. Why do people sometimes think that Bob is a little strange?

A. Because he does not care about people.

B. Because he says out words loud to himself.

C. Because he often reads example sentences aloud.

[答案] B

 

15. What can be concluded from the conversation?

A. Bob is sure of learning new words this way.

B. Bob will not pass the coming exam.

C. Bob has many difficulties in learning new words.

[答案] A

 

第二节 听取信息(共5小题;每小题1分,满分5分)

听下面一段独白, 请根据题目要求,从所听到的内容中获取必要的信息,填入答题卡标号为16-20的空格中。听录音前,你将有10秒钟的阅题时间,录音读两遍。你将有80秒钟的作答时间。

Who

What to do

Where

When

Pandas

Live

in the mountains

of    16  

 

 

Some people

kill pandas for    17  

 

 

Pandas

lack    18  

 

 

Baby pandas

weigh only100 grams

 

   19  

About 50 baby pandas

    20  

 in zoos

since 1963

 

[答案] 16. Southwestern China;  17. their skins/skins;  18. suitable food/bamboo;

      19. at birth;  20. have been born

 

II 语言知识及应用(共两节,满分35分)

第一节:完形填空(共10小题;每小题2分,满分20分)

  阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从2130各题所给的ABCD项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

Nick sat in my classroom after school, five years ago, wanting help on a research paper that stood between him and graduation. An   21   student at the school, he felt much worried about his assignment.

       Many   22   find themselves in the same position: A child feels lost with   23   and turns to you for help. Not wanting the child to   24  , some parents step in and take over. I could easily tell the   25   between a parent’s writing style and the student’s style on homework.

       Parents often have pure purposes, but the result can be   26  . They’re cheating their kids  out of the very education they want them to get. Allowing children to master a skill   27   lifelong gains.

       Some ways to help without hurting:

       Be a model learner. If your child sees you   28   papers, magazines or literature, he’ll be   more motivated to learn.

       If you’re  29   that he or she is falling behind, talk with the teacher about it instead of   doing the work yourself.

       Nick made it through fine. I didn’t write his paper. Nor did his mother. Instead, we guided him together. At   30  , we are very happy to see him collect his diploma. But no one was prouder than Nick. He knew what he had done.

 

21. A. average               B. excellent                   C. open-minded             D. absent-minded

[答案] A

22. A. children                     B. teachers                   C. parents                     D. students

[答案] C

23. A. school                B. homework                C. research                   D. graduation

[答案] B

24. A. lose                    B. graduate                   C. succeed                   D. fail

[答案] D

25. A. difference           B. similarity                  C. comparison                     D. distance

[答案] A

26. A. pitiful                  B. successful                C. harmful                    D. useful

[答案] C

27. A. results in             B. comes from                     C. makes up                 D. takes over

[答案] A

28. A. writing                B. reading                     C. learning                    D. collecting

[答案] B

29. A. sure                    B. anxious                    C. worried                    D. happy

[答案] C

30. A. classroom           B. home                       C. graduation                D. presentation

[答案] C

 

第二节:语法填空(共10小题,每小题1.5分,满分15分)

       阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,在空格处填入一个适当的词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空,并将答案填写在答题卡标号为31-40的相应位置上。

Sports should help a man to learn fairness, not only in games but also in and for life. If two teams play   31   game, one team must lose. If a dozen teams attend an athletic competition,   32   team will get the most points and all the   33   eleven teams will get   34   points. If a school team comes out last, that is no loss of face.   35   that team and that school must do is admit that it   36   (lose). The only intelligent reaction   37   defeat must be: next year we will do our best to come out on top, because from now on our team will devote   38   to a stricter course of training under competent instructors.

Lessons   39   (learn) in sports can help us in our dealing with other people. But even more   40   (value) are the lessons learned in extra-curricular activities in school: in speech, dramatic and musical contests, in “house” activities, and, especially, in the student council.

 

[答案] 31. a;  32. One;  33. other;  34. fewer;  35. What;  36. lost;  37. to;  38. itself; 

      39. learned;  40. valuable

 

III 阅读(共两节,满分40分)

第一节:阅读理解(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的ABCD项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

If you are a recent social science graduate who has had to listen to jokes about unemployment from your computer major classmates, you may have had the last laugh. There are many advantages for the social science major because this high-tech "Information Age" demands people who are flexible and who have good communication skills.

There are many social science majors in large companies who fill important positions. For example, a number of research studies found that social science majors had achieved greater managerial success than those who had technical training or pre-professional courses. Studies show that social science majors are most suited for change, which is the leading feature (特点) of the kind of high speed, high-pressure, high-tech world we now live in.

Social science majors are not only experiencing success in their long-term company jobs, but they are also finding jobs more easily. A study showed that many companies had filled a large percentage of their entry-level positions with social science graduates. The study also showed that the most sought-after quality in a person who was looking for a job was communication skills, noted as "very important" by 92 percent of the companies. Social science majors have these skills, often without knowing how important they are. It is probably due to these skills that they have been offered a wide variety of positions.

Finally, although some social science majors may still find it more difficult than their technically trained classmates to land the first job, recent graduates report that they don' t regret their choice of study.

 

41. By saying that "you may have had the last laugh" in the first paragraph, the author means that you may have _______.

A.        earned as much as computer majors

B.        stopped joking about computer majors

C.        shared the jokes with computer majors

D.       found jobs more easily than computer majors

[答案] D

42. Compared with graduates of other subjects, social science graduates ______.

A.        are likely to give others pressure

B.        are equally good at computer skills

C.        are better able to deal with difficulties

D.       are ready to change when situations change

[答案] D

43. Which of the following is true about the communication skill?

       A.  Social science majors do not know they have had these skills.

       B.  Many companies prefer to employ those with good communication skills.

       C.  These skills have been considered very important by social science majors.

       D.  Computer majors have been offered a wide variety of positions because of these skills.

[答案] B

44. According to the text, what has made it easy for social science graduates to find jobs?

A.        Part-time work experience.

B.        Skills in expressing themselves.

C.        Willingness to take low-paid jobs.

D.       Readiness to gain high-tech knowledge.

[答案] B

45. The underlined word "land" in the last paragraph probably means _______.

A.        successfully get

B.        lose regretfully

C.        immediately start

D.       keep for some time

[答案] A

 

 

第二节 信息匹配(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

请阅读下列应用文及相关信息,并按照要求匹配信息。请在答题卡上将对应题号的相应选项字母涂黑。

       首先,请阅读下列职位招聘的信息:

A.      Needed: Full time secretary position available. Applicants should have at least 2 years experience and be able to type 60 words a minute. No computer skills required. Apply in person at United Business Ltd., 17 Browning Street

B.      Are you looking for a part time job? We require 3 part time shop assistants to work during the evening. No experience required. Applicants should be between 18 and 26. Call 366 - 76564 for more information.

C.      Computer trained secretaries: Do you have experience working with computers? Would you like a full time position working in an exciting new company? If your answer is yes, give us a call at 457-896754

D.     Teacher Needed: Tommy's Kindergarten needs 2 teacher/trainers to help with classes from 9 a.m. to 3 p.m. Applicants should have appropriate licenses. For more information visit Tommy's Kindergarten in Leicester Square No. 56

E.      Part Time work available: We are looking for retired adults who would like to work part time at the weekend. Responsibilities include answering the telephone and giving customers information. For more information contact us by calling 345-674132

F.      University positions open: The University of Cumberland is looking for 4 teaching assistants to help with homework correction. Applicants should have a degree in one of the following: Political Science, Religion, Economics or History. Please contact the University of Cumberland for more information.

请阅读下列应聘者的信息,然后匹配应聘者与所拟应聘的职位:

56. Jack Anderson. Jack graduated from the University of Trent with a degree in Economics two years ago. He would like an academic position.

[答案] F

57. Margaret Lillian. Margaret is 21 years old and would like a part time position to help her pay her university expenses. She can only work in the evenings.

[答案] B

58. Alice Fingelhamm. Alice was trained as a secretary and has six years of experience. She is an excellent typist but does not know how to use a computer. She is looking for a full time position.

[答案] A

59. Peter Florian. Peter went to business school and studied computer and secretarial skills. He is looking for his first job and would like a full time position.

[答案] C

60. Lynne Nagata. Lynne, aged 65, once worked in a kindergarten. She is now a housewife, helping her daughter with her housework on weekdays. She is looking for a part time job.

[答案] E

 

IV、写作(共两节,满分为40分)

第一节:基础写作(共1小题,满分15分)

某电视台计划举办英语夏令营活动,其时间安排和内容如下:

时间

715-22日或815-22

内容

参加英语角      学唱英语歌曲

听英语讲座      表演英语短剧

看英语电影      教外宾学中文

[写作内容]

       电视台现就活动时间和内容征求你所能参加的时段与项目的意见,请按照以下要求以英语书信形式给予答复。信的开头和结尾已给出。

1.       选择适合你的时间并说明理由;

2.       虽然你认为所有的活动都很有意义,但你只能参加“听英语讲座”和“教外宾学中文”两项活动。

3.       说明你选择的理由:听英语讲座以期了解英美文化的信息;教外宾学中文是因为2008北京奥运让越来越多的外宾想了解中国。

[写作要求]

只能使用5个句子表达全部的内容

[评分标准]

       句子结构的准确性,信息内容的完整性和连贯性。

 

Dear Sir or Madame,

   I’m glad to be invited to the English summer camp.

 

 

   Thank you very much.

                                                                Yours truly,

                                                                 Li Ping

 

第二节:读写任务(共1小题,满分25分)

[题型示例1]

       阅读下面的短文,然后按照要求写一篇150词左右的英语短文。

       Let children learn to judge their own work. A child learning to talk does not learn by being corrected all the time; if corrected too much, he will stop talking. He notices a thousand times a day the difference between his language and others’ language. Bit by bit, he makes the right changes to make his language like other people’s. In the same way, children learn to do all the other things. They learn to talk, run, climb, ride a bicycle by comparing their own behaviors with those of more skilled people, and slowly make the needed changes. But in school teachers never give a child a chance to find out his mistakes for himself, even fewer chances for him to correct himself. They do it all for him. Teachers act as if the student would never notice a mistake if they did not point out it to him. They act as if the student would never correct it unless he was made to. Soon he becomes dependent on the teacher. Let the student do it himself. Let him work out, with the help of other children if he wants it, what this word means and what the answer is to that problem.

 

[写作内容]

1)   以约30个词概括短文的要点;

2)   然后以约120个词就“学生的学习错误该不该改正”的主题发表看法,并包括如下要点:

a)        以自己的学习生活为例,简述你在日常学习生活中常犯的错误;

b)       你是如何看待自己的错误的;

c)       老师是如何对待你的错误的;

d)       你对老师做法的看法及理由。

[写作要求]

a)       可以使用实例或其它论述方法支持你的论点,也可以参照阅读材料的内容,但不得直接引用原文中的句子;

b)      标题自定

[评分标准]

       概括准确、语言规范、内容合适,篇章连贯。

 

 

[题型示例2]

       阅读下面的短文,然后按照要求写一篇150词左右的英语短文。

I found out one time that doing a favour for someone could get you into trouble. I was in the eighth grade at the time and we were having a final test. During the test, the girl sitting next to me whispered something but I did not understand. So I leaned over and found out that she was trying to ask me if I had an extra pen. She showed me that hers was out of ink. I happened to have an extra one, so I took it out of my pocket and put it on her desk.

Later, after the test papers had been turned in, the teacher asked me to stay in the room when all the other students were dismissed. As soon as we were alone she began to talk to me about what it meant to grow up; she mentioned how important it was to stand on your own two feet and be responsible for your own acts. For a long time, she talked about honesty and emphasized the fact that when people do something dishonest, they are really cheating themselves. She made me promise that I would think seriously about all the things she had said, and then she told me I could leave. I walked out of the room wondering why she had chosen to talk to me about all those things.

 

[写作内容]

2)  以约30个词概括短文的要点;

3)  然后以约120个词写一篇记叙文,描写你或你的朋友被误解的一次经历,并包括以下要点:

a)       叙述你或你的朋友被误解的一次真实或虚构的经历;

b)      你或你的朋友是如何处理误解的;

c)      误解导致的最终结果。

[写作要求]

a)       可以参照阅读材料的篇章结构,组织故事,但不得直接引用原文中的句子;

b)      标题自定

[评分标准]

       概括准确、语言规范、内容合适,篇章连贯。


附录1 听力部分录音稿

这是普通高等学校招生全国统一考试英语科听力部分。该部分分为听力理解、听取信息两节。

注意,做题时,先在试卷上作答。录音播完后,请在两分钟内将试卷上的答案转移到客观题答题卡上。

停顿0010’’

现在是听力试音时间。

M: Hello. International Friends Club. Can I help?

W: Oh, hello. I read about your club in the paper today and I thought I’d phone to find out a bit more.

M: Yes, certainly, well we’re a sort of social club for people from different countries. It’s quite a new clubwe have about 50 members at the moment, but we’re growing all the time.

W: That sounds interesting. I’m British actually, and I came to Washington about three months ago. I’m looking for ways to meet people. Er, what kinds of events do you organize?

M: Well, we have social get-togethers, and sports events, and we also have language evenings.

W: Could you tell me something about the language evenings?

M: Yes. Every day except Thursday we have a language evening. People can come and practice their languagesyou know, over a drink or something. We have different languages on different evenings. MondaySpanish; TuesdayItalian; WednesdayGerman; and FridayFrench. On Thursday we usually have a meal in a restaurant for anyone who wants to come.

W: Well, that sounds great. I really need to practise my French.

M: OK. Well, if you can just give me your name and address, I’ll send you the form and some more information. If you join now you can have the first month free.

 

试音到此结束。

现在开始答题。

停顿0010

 

第一节 听力理解

    每段播放两遍。各段后有几个小题,各段播放前每小题有5秒钟的阅题时间。请根据各段播放内容及其相关小题,在5秒钟内从题中所给的ABC项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑

听第1段对话,回答第1至第3三个小题。现在,你有15秒钟的时间阅读这三个小题。

停顿00’15’’

(停顿时间打点)

(Text 1)

WOMAN: Hi, Johnny. What’s up?

JOHNNY: Look at this.

WOMAN: Let’s see …. Uh-oh.

JOHNNY: My dad’s going to kill me when he sees this!

WOMAN: Oh, come on, it’s not so bad. Look, you got good grades in biology and math.

JOHNNY: Yes, but only in biology and math. What should I do?

WOMAN: You shouldn’t worry. Your dad will understand.

JOHNNY: You think so?

WOMAN: Sure.

停顿0002

重复

停顿00’15’’

(停顿时间打点)

听第2段对话,回答第4至第6三个小题。现在,你有15秒钟的时间阅读这三个小题。

停顿0015

(停顿时间打点)

(Text 2)

INTERVIEWER: Lisa, you work in a very modern office nowadays. It must be very different from when you started.

LISA: Oh yes—very different. I remember my first job…

INTERVIEWER: When was that?

LISA: Oh, about 40 years ago. I worked in a small office. It had very old, heavy and noisy typewriters. The noise was terrible!

INTERVIEWER: What was the first new machine that you saw then?

LISA: Well, I got a job in a university office and they had one of the new typewriters.

INTERVIEWER: What was that?

LISA: Well, it was electric. It had a ‘golf ball’ with all the letters on it. It moved quickly backwards and forwards across the page!

INTERVIEWER: It must have felt great then.

LISA: It certainly made typing a lot faster.

INTERVIEWER: When was that?

LISA: Um, I think it was about 1970, perhaps.

 

停顿0002

重复

停顿0015

(停顿时间打点)

听第3段独白,回答第7至第9三个小题。现在,你有15秒钟的时间阅读这三个小题。

停顿0015

(停顿时间打点)

(Text 3)

Good afternoon, ladies and gentlemen. Captain Gibson and his crew welcome you aboard Airways Flight 179 to New York. We’re now flying at a height of 30,000 feet. Our speed is about 600 miles an hour. We’ll land in New York in five and a half hours. The temperature in New York is now 3°C below zero. In a few minutes you’ll be able to see the Irish coast. Our lunch will be served in half an hour. Thank you!

 

停顿0002

重复

停顿0015

(停顿时间打点)

听第4段独白,回答第10至第12三个小题。现在,你有15秒钟的时间阅读这三个小题。

停顿0015

(停顿时间打点)

(Text 4)

JOHN: I spent the week with my grandparents in the country. They live … um … on a big farm, and they have chickens and lots of animals and fruit trees and fresh vegetables, and it’s just really, really beautiful and peaceful. When I was there, … um … the apples were in season, and we went picking. And the neighbors came, and they helped pick the apples, and we packed them, and it was so much fun. And then at the end of the day, my grandma would cook a big meal, and we would just sit around and eat and eat and talk, and everything was delicious. It was so good. And I thought I’d be bored because they don’t have a TV or anything, but I wasn’t. It was … it was a lot of fun.

        But at the end of the week, I just … I don’t know, to tell you the truth, I prefer to live in the city, I it’s noisy and it’s dirty in the city, but I … I like it better than the country. You know, the country’s OK for a visit, but … um … it’s too quiet for me!

 

停顿0002’’

重复

停顿0015

(停顿时间打点)

听第5段对话,回答第13至第15三个小题。现在,你有15秒钟的时间阅读这三个小题。

停顿0015

(停顿时间打点)

(Text5)

INTERVIEWER: And, Bob, you’re a student learning languages. How do you remember new words in a foreign language?

BOB: Oh, well, um … if I can’t understand the word by looking at the sentences around it, then … um … I usually just look it up in a dictionary. That seems to really help. Um … You know what? I think that pronunciation is really important. (Oh.) So I say the word to myself several times, you know, out loud. Now, sometimes people look at me and think I’m a little strange, but … uh … I don’t care. I … I think doing this is really important.

INTERVIEWER: Thanks. And good luck with your exam. Is it next week?

BOB: Yes, uh … it’s next Monday.

 

停顿0002

重复

停顿0015

(停顿时间打点)

第一节到此结束。

第二节 听取信息。

听下面一段独白, 请根据题目要求,从所听到的内容中获取必要的信息,填入答题卡标号为16-20的空格中。听录音前,你将有10秒钟的阅题时间,录音读两遍。你将有80秒钟的作答时间。

停顿0010

(停顿时间打点)

Pandas are one of the most precious animals in the world. They live only in a small area in the mountains of South-western China.

There are only 500 1,000 pandas in the wild and the number is falling down all the time. There are about 100 more in zoos and research stations.

Although they are protected, pandas are still killed for their skins. Because their skins are very valuable.

Pandas live in mountain forests, and can only eat bamboo. As the place they live in is getting smaller and smaller, pandas are in danger of dying from lack of suitable food.

Zoos are making efforts to raise and produce pandas, but this is very difficult. Also, baby pandas weigh only 100 grams at birth, so they need to be looked after very carefully. Since 1963 about 50 baby pandas have been born in zoos, and around half of them are still alive today.

 

停顿0050’’

(停顿时间打点)

重复

停顿0030

(停顿时间打点)

第二节到此结束。

现在,你有两分钟的时间,将听力部分的答案转移到客观答题卡上。

停顿0200

(停顿时间打点)

听力部分到此结束。

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

附录2 语音项目表

 

1.基本读音

126个字母的读音

2)元音宇母在重读音节中的读音

3)元音字母在轻读音节中的读音

4)元音字母组合在重读音节中的读音

5)常见的元音字母组合在轻读音节中的读音

6)辅音字母组合的读音

7)辅音连缀的读音

8)成节音的读音  

2.重音

1)单词重音

2)句子重音

3.读音的变化

1)连读

2)失去爆破

3)弱读

4)同化

4.语调与节奏

1)意群与停顿

1)语调

2)节奏

5.语音、语调、重音、节奏等在口语交流中的运用

6.朗诵和演讲中的语音技巧

7.主要英语国家的英语语音差异

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

附录3     语法项目表


1.名词

1)可数名词及其单复数

2)不可数名词

3)专有名词

4)名词所有格

2.代词

1)人称代词

2)物主代词

3)反身代词

4)指示代词

5)不定代词

6)疑问代词

3.数词

1)基数词

2)序数词

4.介词和介词短语

5.连词

6.形容词(比较级和最高级)

7.副词(比较级和最高级)

8.冠词

9.动词

1)动词的基本形式

2)系动词

3)及物动词和不及物动词

4)助动词

5)情态动词

10.时态  

1)一般现在时

2)一般过去时

3)一般将来时

4)现在进行时

5)过去进行时

6)过去将来时

7)将来进行时

8)现在完成时

9)过去完成时

10)现在完成进行时

11.被动语态

12.非谓语动词

1)动词不定式

2)动词的-ing形式

3)动词的-ed形式

13.构词法

1)合成法

2)派生法

3)转化法

4)缩写和简写

14.句子种类

1)陈述句

2)疑问句

3)祈使句

4)感叹句

15.句子成分

1)主语

2)谓语

3)表语

4)宾语 

5)定语

6)状语

7)补语

16.简单句的基本句型

17.主谓一致

18.并列复合句

19.主从复合句

1)宾语从句

2)状语从句

3)定语从句

4)主语从句

5)表语从句

20.间接引语

21、省略

22.倒装

23.强调

24.虚拟语气


附录4   功能意念项目表


1. 社会交往 (Social Communications

1问候 (Greetings

2介绍 (Introduction

3告别 (Farewells

4感谢 (Thanks

5道歉(Apologies

6邀请(Invitation

7请求允许 (Asking for permission

8祝愿和祝贺(Expressing wishes and  congratulations

9提供帮助 (Offering help

10接受或拒绝(acceptance and refusal

11约会(Making appointments

12打电话 (Making telephone calls

13就餐 (Having meals

14就医 (Seeing the doctor

15购物 (Shopping

16问路 (Asking the way

17谈论天气 (Talking about weather

18语言交际困难(Language difficulties in communication

19提醒注意 (Reminding

20警告和禁止Warning and prohibition

21劝告(Advice

22建议(Suggestions

 

2. 态度 (Attitudes

23同意和不同意 (Agreement and disagreement

24喜欢和不喜欢(Likes and dislikes

25肯定和不肯定 (Certainty and uncertainty

26可能和不可能 Possibility and impossibility

27能够和不能够 (Ability and inability

28偏爱和优先选择 (Preference

29意愿和打算 Intentions and plans

30希望和愿望Hopes and wishes

31表扬和鼓励(Praise and encouragement

32责备和抱怨(Blame and complaint

33冷淡(Indifference

34判断与评价(judgement and evaluation

3. 情感(Emotions

35高兴(Happiness

36惊奇(Surprise

37忧虑(Worries

38安慰(Reassurance

 (39) 满意(Satisfaction

40遗憾(Regret

41同情(Sympathy

42恐惧 (Fear

43愤怒(Anger

4. 时间(Time

44时刻(Point of time  

45时段(Duration

46频度(Frequency

47时序(Sequence 

5. 空间(Space

48位置Position

49方向Direction

50距离Distance

6. 存在Existence

51存在与不存在Existence and Non-existence

7. 特征Features

52形状(Shape

53颜色(Colour

54材料 (Material

55价格(Price

56规格(Size

57年龄(Age

8. 计量(Measurement

58长度(Length

59宽度(Width

60高度(Height

61数量(Number

9. 比较 (Comparison

62同级比较 (Equal comparison

63差别比较(Comparative and superlative

64相似和差别(Similarity and difference

10. 逻辑关系(Logical relations

65原因和结果 (Cause and effect

66目的Purpose

11. 职业(Occupations

67工作(Jobs

68单位(Employer

 


附录5    话题项目表

1. 个人情况 (Personal information

 

2. 家庭、朋友与周围的人 (Family, friends and people around

 

3. 周围的环境(Personal environments

 

4. 日常活动(Daily routines

 

5. 学校生活(School life

 

6. 兴趣与爱好 (Interests and hobbies

 

7. 个人感情 (Emotions

 

8. 人际关系 (Interpersonal relationships

 

9. 计划与愿望(Plans and intentions

 

10. 节假日活动 (Festivals, holidays and celebrations

 

11. 购物( Shopping

 

12. 饮食(Food and drink

 

13. 健康(Health

 

14. 天气(Weather

 

15. 文娱与体育(Entertainment and sports

 

16. 旅游和交通Travel and transport

 

17. 语言学习(Language learning

 

18. 自然 (Nature

 

19. 世界与环境(The world and the environment

 

20. 科普知识与现代技术 (Popular science and modern technology

 

21. 热点话题 (Topical issues

 

 

22. 历史与地理( History and geography

 

23. 社会 (Society

 

24. 文学与艺术 (Literature and art

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

附录6    词汇表


A

a (an)            art.

abandon          v.

ability            n.

able              a.

abnormal          a.

aboard            prep.

abolish            v.

abortion            n.

about            ad. &  prep.

above            prep.  a. & ad.

abroad            ad. 

abrupt            a.

absence            n. 

absent             a.

absolute               a.

absorb               v.

abstract            a. & n.

absurd              a.

abundant            a.

abuse               v.

academic           a. & n.

academy           n.

accelerate           v.

accent               n. 

accept              v.

access             n. & v.

accessible            a.

accident             n. 

accommodation        n.

accompany           v.

accomplish            v.

account               n.

accountant            n.

accumulate           v.

accuracy            n.

accurate             a.

accuse               v.

accustomed           a.

ache                v. & n.

achieve              v.

achievement          n.

acid                 a.

acknowledge           v.

acquaintance          n.

acquire              v.

acquisition           n.

acre                 n.

across               prep.

act                  n. & v.

action               n.

active               a.

activity              n.

actor                n.

actress               n.

actual                a.

acute                a.

AD                 n.

ad = advertisement     n.

adapt                 v.

adaptation            n.

add                 v.

addicted             a.

addition             n.

address             n.

adequate            a.

adjust              v.

adjustment            n.

administration         n.

admirable            a.

admire               v.

admission            n.

admit               v.

adolescence            n.

adolescent           n.

adopt               v.

adore               v.

adult               n.

advance           v. & n.

advantage             n.

adventure             n.

advertise              v.

advertisement          n.

advice                n.

advise                v.

advocate              v.

affair                 n.

affect                v.

affection             n.

afford                v.

afraid                a.

Africa               n.

African             a. & n.

after             ad. , prep. & conj.

afternoon            n.

afterward(s)         ad.

again               ad

against             prep.

age                  n.

agency               n.

agenda               n.

agent                n.

aggressive            a.

ago                 ad.

agree               v.

agreement           n.

agricultural           a.

agriculture           n.

ahead              ad.

aid                n. & v.

AIDS               n.

aim                 n. & v.

air                  n.

aircraft              n.

airline               n.

airmail               n.

airplane              n.

airport               n.

airspace              n.

alarm               n. & v.

album                 n.

alcohol              n.

alcoholic            a. & n.

algebra              n.

alike                 ad.

alive               a.

all                ad., a. & pron.

allergic             a.

alley               n.

allocate             v.

allow               v.

allowance           n.

almost             ad.

alone              a.

along             ad. & prep.

alongside           ad.

aloud             ad.

alphabet           n.

already            ad.

also              ad.

alternative          a.

although           conj.

altitude            n.

altogether           ad.

aluminium          n.

always            ad.

am               v. (be)

am. / am, AM. /AM   n.

amateur            a.

amaze             v.

amazing           a.

America            n.

ambassador (ambassadress)  n.

ambiguous          a.

ambition             n.

ambulance          n.

among             prep.

amount            n. & v.

ample             a.

amuse             v.

amusement         n.

analyse            v.

analysis            n.

ancestor            n.

anchor            v. & n.

ancient             a.

and               conj.

anecdote           n.

anger             n.

angle             n.

angry             a.

animal            n.

ankle             n.

anniversary        n.

announce          v.

annoy             v.

annual            a.

another          a. & pron.

answer          n. & v.

ant               n.

Antarctic           n.

antique            n.

anxiety             n.

anxious             a.

any               pron. & a.

anybody           pron.

anyhow           ad.

anyone            pron.

anything          pron.

anyway           ad.

anywhere           ad.

apart             ad. & a.

apartment          n.

apologize          v.

apology           n.

apparent           a.

appeal            v. & n.

appear            v.

appearance         n.

appendix          n.

appetite           n.

applaud           v. & n.

apple             n.

applicant          n.

application        n.

apply             v.

appoint           v.

appointment         n.

appreciate           v.

appreciation          n.

approach           n. & v.

appropriate          a.

approval            n.

approve          v.

approximately      ad.

apron              n.

arbitrary            a.

arch               n.

architect            n.

architecture         n.

Arctic             n.

are               v. (be)

area              n.

argue              v.

argument           n.

arise (arose, arisen)    v.

arithmetic           n.

arm              n. & v.

armchair            n.

army              n.

around           ad. & prep.

arrange           v.

arrangement       n.

arrest            v.

arrival             n.

arrive              v.

arrow             n.

art               n.

article            n.

artificial           a.

artist              n.

as          ad., conj. & prep.

ash       n.

ashamed       a.

Asia       n.

Asian      a. & n.

aside       ad.

ask        v.

asleep      a.

aspect      n.

assess      v.

assessment   n.

assist       v.

assistance    n.

assistant     n.

associate    v.

association    n.

assume        v.

assumption    n.

astonish       v.

astronaut     n.

astronomer    n.

astronomy    n.

at       prep.

athlete         n.

athletic       a.

Atlantic       a.

atmosphere    n.

atom        n.

attach       v.

attack       v. & n.

attain       v.

attempt      v. & n.

attend       v.

attention      n.

attitude       n.

attract         v.

attraction       n.

attractive       a.

audience      n.

aunt          n.

authentic        a.

author         n.

authority      n.

automatic       a.

autonomous      a.

autumn         n.

available        a.

avenue          n.

average          a. & n.

avoid          v.

awake (awoke, awoken)   v. & a.

award            n.

aware            a.

away            ad.

awesome         a.

awful            a.

awkward          a.

 

B

baby              n.

bachelor             n.

back              ad., a. & n.

background         n.

backward(s)         ad.

bacon              n.

bacterium (pl bacteria)  n.

bad (worse, worst)     a.

badminton          n.

bag              n.

baggage           n.

bakery            n.

balance          n.

balcony          n.

ball             n.

ballet            n.

balloon         n.

bamboo         n.

ban            n. & v.

banana         n.

band           n.

bandage        n.

bank           n.

bar            n.

barbecue        n.

barber         n.

barbershop       n.

bare            a.

bargain          n. & v.

bark             v. & n.

barrier           n.

base            n.

baseball           n.

basement         n.

basic            a.

basin              n.

basis             n.

basket            n.

basketball         n.

bat               n.

bath             n.

bathe            v.

bathroom          n.

bathtub           n.

battery           n.

battle           n.

bay            n.

BC            n.

be (am, is, are, was, were, being, been)  v.

beach           n.

bean            n.

bean curd        n.

bear1            n.

bear2            v.

beard           n.

beast           n.

beat (beat, beaten)  v. & n.

beautiful        a.

beauty           n.

because         conj.

become (became, become)   v.

bed             n.

beddings         n.

bedroom         n.

bee             n.

beef            n.

beer            n.

before          prep., ad. & conj.

beg             v.

begin (began, begun)   v.

behalf            n.

behave           v.

behaviour         n.

behind          prep. & ad.

being             n.

belief             n.

believe            v.

bell              n.

belly            n.

belong            v.

below             prep.

belt                n.

bench              n.

bend (bent, bent)     v.

beneath          prep.

beneficial         a.

benefit           n. & v.

bent             a. & n.

beside            prep.

besides        prep. & ad.

betray          v.

between        prep.

beyond         prep.

bicycle         n.

bid            v. & n.

big             a.

bike = bicycle    n.

bill             n.

bingo           n.

biochemistry      n.

biography         n.

biology          n.

bird              n.

birth             n.

birthday          n.

birthplace        n.

biscuit          n.

bishop           n.

bit              n.

bite (bit, bitten)     v.

bitter            a.

black            a. & n.

blackboard        n.

blame             n. & v.

blank             n. & a.

blanket           n.

bleed            v.

bless             v.

blind             a.

block            n. & v.

blood            n.

blouse           n.

blow (blew, blown)   v.

blue            n. & a.

board            n. & v.

boat             n.

body            n.

boil             v.

bomb           n. & v.

bond           n. & v.

bone           n.

bonus          n.

book           n. & v.

boom          n. & v.

boot           n.

booth          n.

border         n.

bored         a.

boring         a.

born          a.

borrow         v.

boss           n.

botanical        a.

botany          n.

both           a. & pron.

bother          v.

bottle            n.

bottom          n.

bounce         v.

bound          a.

boundary         n.

bow            v. & n.

bowl           n.

bowling         n.

box            n.

boxing          n.

boy             n.

boycott          v.

brain            n.

brake           n. & v.

branch          n.

brand           n.

brave           a.

bravery           n.

bread           n.

break (broke, broken)  v. & n.

breakfast          n.

breakthrough       n.

breast             n.

breath            n.

breathe           v.

breathless        a.

brewery          n.

brick            n.

bride             n.

bridegroom        n.

bridge            n.

brief             a.

bright           a.

brilliant         a.

bring (brought, brought)  v.

broad            a.

broadcast (broadcast, broadcast ed, -ed)  v.

brochure         n.

broken           a.

broom           n.

brother          n.

brown           n. & a.

brunch           n.

brush            v. & n.

Buddhism         n.

budget           n.

buffet            n.

build (built, built)   v.

building         n.

bunch            n.

bungalow         n.

burden          n.

bureaucratic      a.

burglar        n.

burn (burnt, burnt-ed, -ed)  v. & n.

burst          v.

bury            v.

bus            n.

bush            n.

business        n.

businessman/woman (pl businessmen/ wowen)  n.

busy          a.

but        conj. & prep.

butcher      n. & v.

butter        n.

butterfly     n.

button       n. & v.

buy (bought, bought)  v.

by          prep.

bye         int.

 

 

C

cab        n.

cabbage    n.

cafe        n.

cafeteria      n.

cage         n.

calculate      v.

cake         n.

call          n. & v.

calm         a. & v.

camel         n.

camera        n.

camp        n. & v.

campaign     n.

can1 (could); can’t= cannot  modal v.

can2          n.

canal          n.

cancel        v.

cancer        n.

candidate      n.

candle        n.

candy        n.

canteen      n.

cap          n.

capital         n.

capsule        n.

captain        n.

caption       n.

car          n.

carbon        n.

card        n.

care         n. & v.

careful        a.

careless       a.

carpenter       n.

carpet         n.

carriage       n.

carrier        n.

carrot        n.

carry         v.

cartoon        n.

carve         v.

case         n.

cash         n. & v.

cassette       n.

cast (cast, cast)   v.

castle           n.

casual         a.

cat          n.

catalogue     n.

catastrophe    n.

catch (caught, caught)  v.

category        n.

cater          v.

catholic        a.

cattle         n.

cause        n. & v.

caution         n.

cautious        a.

cave           n.

CD = compact disk

ceiling         n.

celebrate       v.

celebration       n.

cell             n.

cent           n.

centigrade       a.

centimetre (Am centimeter)  n.

central        a.

centre (Am center)   n.

century       n.

ceremony       n.

certain        a.

certificate      n.

chain         n.

chair         n.

chairman/woman (pl chairmen/women)  n.

chalk         n.

challenge      n.

challenging    a.

champion      n.

chance        n.

change        n. & v.

changeable     a.

channel       n.

chant        v. & n.

chaos         n.

character       n.

characteristic    a.

charge         v. & n.

chapter        n.

chart         n.

chat         n. & v.

cheap        a.

cheat        n. & v.

check        n. & v.

cheek        n.

cheer        n. & v.

cheerful       a.

cheers        int.

cheese       n.

chef         n.

chemical     a. & n.

chemist      n.

chemistry     n.

cheque (Am check)  n.

chess        n.

chest         n.

chew         v.

chicken        n.

chief          a. & n.

child (pl children)   n.

childhood        n.

chocolate       n.

choice        n.

choir        n.

choke        n. & v.

choose (chose, chosen)  v.

chopsticks     n.

chorus        n.

Christian      n.

Christmas     n.

church        n.

cigar         n.

cigarette       n.

cinema       n.

circle       n. & v.

circuit       n.

circulate     v.

circumstance       n.

circus       n.

citizen       n.

city        n.

civil        a.

civilian      n.

civilization     n.

clap      v.

clarify     v.

class      n.

classic     a.

classify    v.

classmate   n.

classroom   n.

claw       n.

clay       n.

clean     v. & a.

cleaner    n.

clear       a.

clerk       n.

clever       a.

click         v.

climate      n.

climb       v.

clinic      n.

clock      n.

clone       v.

close       a. & ad.

cloth       n.

clothes     n.

clothing    n.

cloud        n.

cloudy     a.

club        n.

clumsy     a.

coach        n.

coal        n.

coast       n.

coat       n.

cocoa      n.

coffee      n.

coin       n.

coincidence    n.

coke       n.

cold       a. & n.

collar        n.

colleague   n.

collect      v.

collection    n.

college        n.

collision      n.

colour (Am color)  n. & v.

comb      n. & v.

combine       v.

come (came, come)   v.

comedy        n.

comfort        n.

comfortable     a.

command       n. & v.

comment       n.

commercial      a.

commit         v.

commitment      n.

committee        n.

common         a.

communicate     v.

communication    n.

communism      n.

communist       n. & a.

companion      n.

company       n.

compare        v.

compass        n.

compensate      v.

compete         v.

competence      n.

competition      n.

complete        a. & v.

complex         a. & n.

component       n.

composition      n.

comprehension    n.

compromise       v.

compulsory       a.

computer          n.

concentrate       v.

concept         n.

concern        v. & n.

concert         n.

conclude        v.

conclusion       n.

concrete         a.

condition        n.

condemn        v.

conduct        v.

conductor       n.

confident       a.

confidential      a.

conference       n.

confirm         v.

conflict         n.

confuse         v.

congratulate      v.

congratulation     n.

connect         v.

connection       n.

conscience        n.

consensus        n.

consequence      n.

conservation      n.

conservative      a.

consider         v.

considerate       a.

consideration     n.

consist          v.

consistent       a.

constant        a.

constitution      n.

construct        v.

construction     n.

consult         v.

consultant      n.

consume       v.

contain        v.

container       n.

contemporary    a.

content1         n.

content2         a.

continent       n.

continue        v.

contradict       v.

contradictory     a.

contrary         n. & a.

contribute        v.

contribution       n.

control           v. & n.

controversial       a.

convenience       n.

convenient        a.

conventional       a.

conversation       n.

convey            v.

convince          v.

cook            n. & v.

cooker            n.

cookie            n.

cool             a.

copy            n. & v.

corn            n.

corner          n.

corporation       n.

correct         v. & a.

correction       n.

correspond     v.

corrupt        a. & v.

cost           n. & v.

cosy          a.

cottage        n.

cotton         n. & a.

cough         n. & v.

could         modal v.

count         v.

counter        n.

country        n.

countryside      n.

couple         n.

courage        n.

course         n.

court          n.

courtyard       n.

cousin         n.

cover          n. & v.

cow            n.

crash           v. & n.

crayon         n.

crazy          a.

cream         n.

create         v.

creature        n.

credit          n.

crew           n.

crime          n.

criminal        n.

criterion (pl criteria)  n.

crop           n.

cross          n. & v.

crossing        n.

crossroads      n.

crowd           n. & v.

cruel           a.

cry             n. & v.

cube           n.

cubic          a.

cuisine         n.

culture         n.

cup           n.

cupboard        n.

cure           n. & v.

curious         a.

currency       n.

curriculum      n.

curtain        n.

cushion        n.

custom        n.

customer       n.

customs        n.

cut (cut, cut)     v. & n.

cycle          v.

cyclist         n.

 

 

D

dad = daddy  n.

daily        a. ad. & n.

dam         n.

damage      n. & v.

damp        a. & n.

dance        n. & v.

danger       n.

dangerous     a.

dare         v. & modal v.

dark         a. & n.

darkness      n.

dash         v. & n.

data         n.

database       n.

date          n. & v.

daughter       n.

dawn          n.

day           n.

dead          a.

deadline        n.

deaf           a.

deal           n.

dear           a.

death          n.

debate         n. & v.

debt          n.

decade        n.

decide        v.

decision        n.

declare        v.

decline        v.

decorate       v.

decoration     n.

decrease       v.

deed           n.

deep          a. & ad.

deer           n.

defeat         v.

defence (Am defense)  n.

defend         v.

degree         n.

delay         n. & n.

delete         v. & n.

deliberately      ad.

delicate        a.

delicious       a.

delight        n.

delighted      a.

deliver        v.

demand       v.

dentist        n.

department (Dept.)   n.

departure       n.

depend       v.

deposit       v. & n.

depth        n.

describe      v.

description    n.

desert        v. & n.

deserve       v.

design        v. & n.

desire        v. & n.

desk          n.

desperate      a.

dessert         n.

destination      n.

destroy         v.

detective       n.

determine       v.

develop        v.

development       n.

devote         v.

devotion       n.

diagram       n.

dial           v.

dialogue (Am dialog)  n.

diamond        n.

diary           n.

dictation        n.

dictionary       n.

die            v.

diet            n.

differ          v.

difference        n.

different        a.

difficult        a.

difficulty       n.

dig (dug, dug)    v.

digest          v.

digital         a.

dignity         n.

dilemma       n.

dimension      n.

dinner         n.

dinosaur       n.

dioxide        n.

dip            v.

diploma         n.

direct          a. & v.

direction        n.

director         n.

directory        n.

dirty           a.

disability      n.

disabled       a.

disadvantage    n.

disagree        v.

disagreement     n.

disappear        v.

disappoint       v.

disappointed       a.

disaster           n.

discount          n.

discourage        v.

discover          v.

discovery         n.

discrimination     n.

discuss           v.

discussion        n.

disease           n.

disgusting        a.

dish             n.

disk = disc        n.

dislike           v.

dismiss           v.

distance           n.

distant           a.

distinction        n.

distinguish        v.

distribute         v.

district           n.

disturb           v.

disturbing         a.

dive             v.

diverse           v.

divide            v.

division           n.

divorce           v.

dizzy            a.

do (did, done)      v.

doctor             n.

document           n.

dog               n.

doll               n.

dollar            n.

donate           v.

door             n.

dormitory (dorm)   n.

dot              n.

double            a. & n.

doubt             n. & v.

down             prep. & ad.

download          n. & v.

downstairs         ad.

downtown         ad., n. & a.

dozen             n.

Dr = doctor         n.

draft             n. & v.

drag              v.

draw (drew, drawn)    v.

drawback           n.

drawer              n.

dream (dreamt, dreamt -ed, -ed)   n. & v.

dress               n. & v.

drill               n. & v.

drink (drank, drunk)   v.

drive (drove, driven)   v.

driver              n.

drop               n. & v.

drug               n.

drum              n.

drunk              a.

dry               v. & a.

duck               n.

due               a.

dull               a.

dumpling          n.

during            prep.

dusk             n.

dustbin          n.

dusty            a.

duty            n.

DVD = digital versatile disk   n.

dynamic         a.

dynasty          n.

 

 

E

each           a. & pron.

eager          a.

eagle          n.

ear           n.

early           a. & ad.

earn            v.

earth           n.

earthquake       n.

east            a., ad. & n.

Easter          n.

eastern         a.

easy            a.

eat (ate, eaten)    v.

ecology         n.

edge            n.

edition          n.

editor           n.

educate         v.

educator         n.

education        n.

effect           n.

effort            n.

egg              n.

eggplant         n.

either           a., conj. & ad.

elder            n.

elect            v.

electric          a.

electrical        a.

electricity       n.

electronic       a.

elegant         a.

elephant        n.

else           ad.

e-mail         n. & v.

embarrass        v.

embassy        n.

emergency      n.

emperor       n.

employ        v.

empty         a.

encourage      v.

encouragement    n.

end            n. & v.

ending         n.

endless         a.

enemy          n.

energetic        a.

energy          n.

engine          n.

engineer        n.

enjoy           v.

enjoyable        a.

enlarge         v.

enough         n., a. & ad.

enquiry        n.

enter          v.

enterprise       n.

entertainment    n.

enthusiastic       a.

entire           a.

entrance         n.

entry           n.

envelope         n.

environment      n.

envy            v. & n.

equal            a. & v.

equality           n.

equip            v.

equipment         n.

eraser            n.

error             n.

erupt             v.

escape            n. & v.

especially         ad.

essay            n.

Europe           n.

European          a. & n.

evaluate            v.

even             ad.

evening          n.

event           n.

eventually        ad.

ever             ad.

every            a.

everybody        pron.

everyday         a.

everyone         pron.

everything       pron.

everywhere       ad.

evidence          n.

evident           a.

evolution         n.

exact            a.

exam = examination   n.

examine           v.

example          n.

excellent         a.

except          prep.

exchange        n. & v.

excite           v.

excuse          n. & v.

exercise         n. & v.

exhibition        n.

exist            v.

existence        n.

exit            n.

expand           v.

expect           v.

expectation        n.

expense          n.

expensive        a.

experience        n.

experiment       n.

expert           n.

explain          v.

explanation       n.

explicit          a.

explode          v.

explore         n.

export          n. & v.

expose           v.

express          v. & n.

expression        n.

extension        n.

extra            a.

extraordinary     a.

extreme         a.

eye             n.

eyesight         n.

 

 

F

face           n. & v.

facial          a.

fact             n.

factory           n.

fade            v.

fail             v. & n.

failure           n.

fair1             a.

fair2             n.

faith             n.

fall1 (fell, fallen)    v.

fall2 (Am) = autumn   n.

false              a.

familiar           a.

family            n.

famous           a.

fan               n.

fancy            n., v. & a.  

fantastic           a.

fantasy            n.

far (farther, farthest further, furthest)  a. & ad.

fare              n.

farm             n.

farmer           n.

fast             a. & ad.

fasten            v.

fat                n. & a.

father            n.

fault             n.

favour (Am favor)   n.

favourite (Am favorite)   a. & n.

fax               n. & v.

fear               n.

feast              n.

feather            n.

federal            a.

fee               n.

feed (fed, fed)      v.

feel (felt, felt)      v.

feeling            n.

fellow            n.

female           a. & n.

fence            n.

ferry            n.

festival          n. & a.

fetch           v.

fever          n.

few           pron. & a.

fibre (Am fiber)    n.

fiction          n.

field           n.

fierce          a.

fight (fought, fought)    n. & v.

figure           n. & v.

file             n.

fill             v.

film           n. & v.

final            a.

finance          n.

find (found, found)   v.

fine1              a.

fine2              v.

finger            n.

fingernail         n.

finish            v. & n.

fire             n. & v.

fireworks         n.

firm1             n.

firm2             a.

fish              n. & v.

fisherman         n.

fist              n.

fit               a. & v.

fix              v.

flag             n.

flame            n.

flash            n.

flashlight         n.

flat1              n.

flat2              a.

flee (fled, fled)     v.

flexible           a.

flesh             n.

flight            n.

float             v.

flood            n. & v.

floor             n.

flour             n.

flow             v.

flower           n.

flu             n.

fluency          a.

fluent           a.

fly (flew, flown)   v.

fly              n.

focus            v. & n.

fog             n.

foggy           a.

fold             v.

folk             a.

follow           v.

fond             a.

food            n.

fool             n. & v.

foolish           a.

foot (pl feet)      n.

football          n.

for             prep. & conj.

forbid (forbade, forbidden)   v.

force            v.

forecast         n. & v.

forehead         n.

foreign           a.

foreigner         n.

foresee (foresaw, foreseen)   v.

forest             n.

forever           ad.

forget (forgot, forgot/forgotten)   v.

forgetful            a.

forgive (forgave, forgiven)    v.

fork               n.

form              n. & v.

format             n.

former             a.

fortnight           n.

fortunate           a.

fortune            n.

forty              num.

forward           ad.

found             v.

fountain           n.

fox               n.

franc             n.

fragile            a.

fragrant         a.

framework        n.

free             a.

freedom         n.

freeway         n.

freeze (froze, frozen)   v.

freezing         a.

frequent          a.

fresh            a.

friction           n.

fridge = refrigerator   n.

friend            n.

friendly           a.

friendship         n.

frighten          v.

frog              n.

from             prep.

front             a. & n.

frontier           n.

frost             n.

fruit             n.

fry              v.

fuel             n.

full             a.

fun             n. & a.

function         n. & v.

fundamental       a.

funeral           n.

funny           a.

fur             n.

furnished         a.

furniture         n.

future           n.

 

 

G

gain            v.

gallery          n.

gallon           n.

game            n.

garage           n.

garbage          n.

garden          n.

garlic           n.

garment         n.

gas           n.

gate           n.

gather         v.

gay           a.

general        a. & n.

generation     n.

generous       a.

gentle         a.

gentleman      n.

geography      n.

geometry        n.

gesture         n.

get (got, got)    v.

gift            n.

gifted          a.

giraffe         n.

girl           n.

give (gave, given)   v.

glad            a.

glance         v.

glare          v.

glass          n.

globe         n.

glory           n.

glove         n.

glue          n.

go (went, gone)    v.

goal            n.

goat           n.

god           n.

gold          n. & a.

golden        a.

golf          n.

good (better, best)     a.

goods             n.

goose (pl geese)    n.

govern          v.

government      n.

grade           n.

gradual         a.

graduate         v.

graduation       n.

grain            n.

gram           n.

grammar        n.

grand           a.

grandchild        n.

granddaughter     n.

grandma = grandmother   n.

grandpa = grandfather     n.

grandparents       n.

grandson         n.

granny            n.

grape             n.

graph             n.

grasp             v.

grass              n.

grateful            a.

gravity            n.

great             a. & ad.

greedy            a.

green             a. & n.

greengrocer        n.

greet              v.

greeting            n.

grey (Am gray)      a.

grill               n.

grocer             n.

grocery            n.

ground            n.

group              n.

grow (grew, grown)   v.

growth              n.

guarantee           v.

guard              n.

guess              v.

guest               n.

guidance            n.

guide               n.

guilty              a.

guitar              n.

gun                n.

gym = gymnasium     n.

gymnastics           n.

 

 

H

habit               n.

hair                n.

haircut            n.

half              a. & n.

hall              n.

ham             n.

hamburger         n.

hammer           n.

hand             n. & v.

handbag          n.

handful          n.

handkerchief       n.

handle            n. & v.

handsome         a.

handwriting         n.

handy            a.

hang (hung, hung -ed, ed)  v.

happen            v.

happiness          n.

happy             a.

harbour (Am harbor)   n.

hard              ad. & a.

hardly            ad.

hardship            n.

hardworking        a.

harm              n. & v.

harmful            a.

harmony           n.

harvest             n. & v.

hat                n.

hatch              v.

hate               v. & n.

have (has, had, had)   v.

he                 pron.

head               n. & v.

headache           n.

headline            n.

headmaster/mistress    n.

health               n.

healthy             a.

hear (heard, heard)    v.

hearing              n.

heart               n.

heat                n.

heaven              n.

heavy               a.

heel               n.

height              n.

helicopter           n.

hello               int.

helmet             n.

help               n. & v.

helpful             a.

hen                n.

her               pron.

herb               n.

here               ad.

hero                n.

hers              pron.

herself           pron.

hesitate           v.

hi               int.

hide (hid, hidden)    v.

high             a. & ad.

highway          n.

hill              n.

him             pron.

himself          pron.

hire             v.

his             pron.

history            n.

hit (hit, hit)        v.

hobby            n.

hold (held, held)    v.

hole             n.

holiday           n.

holy             a.

home            n. & ad.

homeland        n.

hometown        n.

homework        n.

honest           a.

honey            n.

honour (Am honor)  n. & v.

hook             n. & v.

hope             n. & v.

hopeful           a.

hopeless          a.

horrible           a.

horse             n.

hospital         n.

host            n. & v.

hostess         n.

hot             a.

hotdog          n.

hotel            n.

hour             n.

house            n.

housewife         n.

housework        n.

how             ad.

however         ad. & conj.

howl            v.

hug             v.

huge            a.

human          a. & n.

human being       n.

humorous        a.

humour (Am humor)   n.

hunger           n.

hungry          a.

hunt             v.

hunter           n.

hurricane         n.

hurry            v.

hurt (hurt, hurt)    v.

husband          n.

hydrogen         n.

 

I

I             pron.

ice            n.

ice-cream       n.

idea            n.

identity         n.

identification     n.

idiom          n.

if            conj.

ignore         v.

ill             a.

illegal         a.

illness         n.

imagine        v.

immediately     ad.

immigration     n.

import         v. & n.

importance      n.

important       a.

impossible       a.

impress         v.

impression       n.

improve         v.

in              prep. & ad.

inch             n.

incident          n.

include           v.

income          n.

increase          v. & n.

indeed           a.

independence     n.

independent       a.

indicate          v.

industry          n.

influence         n. & v.

inform           v.

information        n.

initial            a.

injure            v.

injury            n.

ink               n.

inn              n.

innocent          a.

insect            n.

insert            v.

inside           prep. & ad.

insist             v.

inspect            v.

inspire            v.

instant            a.

instead            ad.

institute           n.

institution          n.

instruct            v.

instruction          n.

instrument          n.

insurance           n.

insure              v.

intelligence         n.

intend              v.

intention           n.

interest            n.

interesting         a.

international        a.

Internet            n.

interpreter          n.

interrupt           v.

interval            n.

interview           n. & v.

into              prep.

introduce           v.

introduction         n.

invent              v.

invention            n.

invitation           n.

invite              v.

iron               n. & v.

irrigation           n.

island             n.

it                 pron.

its                pron.

itself              pron.

 

 

J

jacket             n.

jam               n.

jar                n.

jaw                n.

jazz                n.

jeans               n.

jeep               n.

jet                n.

jewellery           n.

job                n.

jog                v.

join               v.

joke               n.

journalist           n.

journey             n.

joy                n.

judge              n. & v.

judgement           n.

juice              n.

jump              n. & v.

jungle             n.

junior             a.

just                a. & ad.

justice               n.

 

 

 

K

kangaroo             n.

keep (kept, kept)       v.

kettle                n.

key                  n.

keyboard             n.

kick                 v. & n.

kid                  n.

kill                  v.

kilo                  n.

kilogram             n.

kilometre             n.

kind1                 n.

kind2                 a.

kindergarten          n.

kindness             n.

king                n.

kingdom             n.

kiss                 n. & v.

kitchen              n.

kite                 n.

knee                n.

knife (pl knives)       n.

knock               n. & v.

know (knew, known)   v.

knowledge           n.

 

 

L

lab = laboratory       n.

labour (Am labor)     n.

lack                n. & v.

lady               n.

lake               n.

lamb               n.

lame             a.

lamp             n.

land             n. & v.

language          n.

lantern            n.

lap               n.

large             a.

last              a. & v.

late              a. & ad.

latter             n.

laugh             n. & v.

laughter           n.

laundry           n.

law                n.

lawyer             n.

lay (laid, laid)        v.

lazy                a.

lead (led, led)        v. & n.

leader              n.

leaf (pl leaves)        n.

league              n.

leak                v.

learn (learnt, learnt-ed, -ed)   v.

least                n.

leather              n.

leave (left, left)        v.

lecture              n.

left                 a., ad. & n.

leg                  n.

legal                a.

lemon               n. & a.

lemonade            n.

lend (lent, lent)        v.

length               n.

lesson               n.

let (let, let)            v.

letter                n.

level                n.

liberty               n.

liberation             n.

librarian             n.

library              n.

license              n.

lid               n.

lie1               n. & v.

lie2                      v.

life (pl lives)        n.

lift                v. & n.

light              n., v. & a.

lightening          n.

like                v. & prep.

likely              a.

limit               v.

line                n. & v.

link                v.

lion                n.

lip                 n.

liquid              n. & a.

list                 n. & v.

listen               v.

literature            n.

literary             a.

litre (Am liter)       n.

litter               v.

little (less, least)      a.

live                v. & a.

lively              a.

load                n.

loaf                n.

local               a.

lock               n. & v.

lonely              a.

long               a. & ad.

look               n. & v.

link                v. & n.

loose              a.

lorry              n.

loss               n.

lose (lost, lost)       v.

lot                n.

loud               a.

lounge             n.

love               n. & v.

lovely             a.

low               a. & ad.

luck               n.

lucky              a.

luggage            n.

lunch              n.

lung               n.

 

 

M

machine            n.

mad               a.

madam/madame     n.

magazine           n.

magic              a.

maid               n.

mail               n. & v.

mailbox            n.

main               a.

mainland            n.

major              a.

majority            n.

make1 (made, made)    v.

make2              n.

male              a. & n.

man (pl men)        n.

manage             v.

manager            n.

mankind            n.

manner             n.

many (more, most)    pron., & a.

map                n.

maple              n.

marathon           n.

marble             n.

march             n. & v.

mark              n. & v.

market             n.

marriage            n.

marry              v.

mask              n. & v.

mass               n.

master              v. & n.

mat                n.

match              v. & n.

material              n.

mathematics = math/maths  n.

matter              n. & v.

mature             a.

maximum         a. & n.

may             modal v.

maybe            ad.

me              pron.

meal             n.

mean (meant, meant)     v.

meaning            n.

means              n.

meanwhile          ad.

measure            v.

meat               n.

medal              n.

media              n.

medical            a.

medicine            n.

medium             n.

meet (met, met)       v. & n.

meeting             n.

melon              n.

member             n.

memorial           n.

memory             n.

mend               v.

mental             a.

mention            n. & v.

menu              n.

merchant           a. & n.

merciful            a.

mercy              n.

merely             ad.

merry               a.

mess               n.

message             n.

messy               a.

metal               n. & a.

method              n.

metre (Am meter)      n.

microscope           n.

microwave           n.

middle              n.

midnight            n.

might              modal v.

mild               a.

mile               n.

milk           n. & v.

millionaire         n.

mind           n. & v.

mine           pron.

mine            n. & v.

mineral            n.

minibus           n.

minimum          a.

minister           n.

ministry           n.

minority           n.

minus            prep. & a.

minute            n.

mirror             n.

miss              v.

miss              n.

missile            n.

mist              n.

mistake (mistook, mistaken)   v. & n.

mistaken           a.

misunderstand (misunderstood, misunderstood)   v.

mix               v.

mixture            n.

mm = millimetre      n.

mobile             a.

model              n.

modem             n.

modern             a.

modest             a.

mom = mum         n.

moment             n.

mommy = mummy      n.

money              n.

monitor             n.

monkey              n.

month               n.

monument            n.

moon                n.

mop                n. & v.

moral               a. & n.

more (much, many)    a. ad., & n.

morning              n.

Moslem              n.

mosquito             n.

mother             n.

motherland          n.

motivation           n.

motor               n.

motorcycle           n.

motto                n.

mountain             n.

mountainous          a.

mourn               v.

mouse (pl mice)        n.

moustache            n.

mouth               n.

move                v.

movement            n.

movie               n.

Mr. (mister)          n.

Mrs. (mistress)         n.

Ms.                  n.

mud                 n.

muddy               a.

multiply              v.

murder                v.

museum              n.

mushroom            n.

music                n.

musical              a. & n.

musician              n.

must                modal v.

mustard              n.

mutton               n.

my                  pron.

myself               pron.

 

 

 

N

nail                 n.

name                n. & v.

narrow               a.

nation               n.

national             a.

nationality           n.

nationwide           ad.

native               a.

natural            a.

nature            n.

navy              n.

near              a., ad. & prep.

nearby            a.

nearly            ad.

neat              a.

necessary          a.

neck              n.

necklace           n.

need              n. & modal v.

needle             n.

negotiate          v.

neighbour (Am neighbor)    n.

neighbourhood (neighborhood)   n.

neither             a.

nephew             n.

nervous             a.

nest                n.

net                n.

network              n.

never               ad.

new                a.

news               n.

newspaper           n.

next                a. & ad.

nice                a.

niece               n.

night               n.

no                ad. & a.

No. = number        n.

noble               a.

nobody              n. & pron.

nod                v.

noise                n.

noisy               a.

none               pron.

noodle              n.

noon                n.

nor                 conj.

normal              n. & a.

north               a., ad. & n.

northeast             n.

northern             a.

northwest          n.

nose               n.

not               ad.

note               n. & v.

notebook            n.

nothing             n. & ad.

notice              n. & v.

novel                n.

novelist             n.

now                ad.

nowadays            ad.

nowhere             ad.

nuclear              a.

numb               a.

number              n.

nurse                n.

nursery              n.

nut                  n.

nutrition              n.

 

 

 

O

obey                v.

object               n.

observe              v.

obtain               v.

obvious              a.

occupation            n.

occupy               v.

occur                v.

ocean                n.

Oceania              n.

o’clock               n.

of                   prep.

off                  prep. & ad.

offence               n.

offer                 n. & v.

office                n.

officer               n.

official               n. & a.

offshore              a.

often               ad.

oh                 int.

oil                n. & v.

oilfield            n.

O.K.              ad.

old                a.

Olympic(s)          a. & n.

on                prep. & ad.

once              n., ad. & conj.

one               pron.

oneself            pron.

onion             n.

only              a. & ad.

onto              prep.

open              a. & v.

opening           n.

opera             n.

operate            v.

operation           n.

operator            n.

opinion            n.

oppose             v.

opposite            n. & a.

optimistic          a.

optional            a.

or                 conj.

oral                a.

orange             n. & a.

orbit               n.

order              n. & v.

ordinary            a.

organ               n.

organise (Am organize)   v.

organization          n.

origin               n.

other              pron. & a.

otherwise           ad.

ought              modal v.

our               pron.

ours              pron.

ourselves          pron.

out                ad.

outcome             n.

outdoors            ad.

outer               a.

outgoing            a.

outing             n.

outline             n.

output             n.

outside            n., ad. & prep.

outspoken          a.

outstanding         a.

outward(s)          ad.

oval               n. & ad.

over               prep. & ad.

overcoat            n.

overcome           v.

overhead           a.

overlook            v.

overweight          a.

owe                v.

own                a. & v.

owner              n.

ownership           n.

ox (pl oxen)          n.

oxygen              n.

 

 

P

pace                n.

Pacific              a.

pack                n. & v.

package             n.

packet               n.

paddle               n.

page                n.

pain                n.

painful              a.

paint                n. & v.

painter              n.

painting             n.

pair                n.

palace              n.

pale                a.

pan                n.

pancake             n.

panda               n.

panic               a. & v.

paper               n.

paperwork           n.

paragraph            n.

parallel             n.

parcel              n.

pardon             n.

parent              n.

park1               n.

park2               v.

parking             n.

parrot              n.

part                n., a. & v.

participate           v.

particular            a.

partly              ad.

partner             n.

part-time            a. & ad.

party                n.

pass                 v.

passage             n.

passenger            n.

passer-by